POPULAR STRUGGLES AND MOVEMENTS Civics Notes Class 10th

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Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10th Notes

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1. A) Explain the movements for democracy in Nepal?

  • Nepal became a democracy in 1990. Although the king was the head of state. The real power was with elected representatives.
  • King Birendra, who has accepted this transition from absolute monarchy, was killed in the mysterious massacre of a royal family in 2001 and his brother Gyanendra, the new king was not really to accept democracy.
  • He dismissed the prime minister and dissolved the parliament.
  • A popular movement started in Nepal in April 2006 to restore democracy.

SHORT NOTE ON S.P.A. (SEVEN PARTY ALLIANCE)

  • All major political parties in the parliament formed seven party alliances and called for a 4 days strike.
  • Later Maoists and other organizations joined them and people took to the streets and it was difficult for the king to suppress the movement.
  • The number of protesters reached between 3-5 lacks on 21 April and they served an ultimatum to the king. The leader of the movement rejected the half-hearted concession made by the king.
  • They demanded for restoration of democracy power to an all party government and a new constitution assembly.
  • On 24 April 2006, the day of ultimatum, the king was forced to accept the demand.
  • P.A. elected Girija Prasad Corola as the new Prime Minister and most of king powers were taken away.
  • This movement came to be known as Nepal’s second movement for democracy.
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